How to Execute Graphql In Java?

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To execute GraphQL in Java, you first need to have a GraphQL schema defined which outlines the types, queries, and mutations available in your API. Next, you will need to use a GraphQL Java library such as graphql-java or graphql-java-kickstart to handle parsing and executing GraphQL queries.

You can use the GraphQL Java library to build a GraphQL schema object which represents your API schema. This can be done by defining GraphQL object types for each entity in your schema, and specifying fields, queries, and mutations as needed.

Once you have defined your schema, you can create an instance of GraphQL object using the Schema object and pass it a DataFetcher implementation which will handle the actual execution of queries. DataFetchers are responsible for retrieving data for specific fields in your schema.

To execute a GraphQL query, you can use the GraphQL object to obtain a result by passing in a query string and any required variables. The library will then parse the query, validate it against the schema, and execute the DataFetchers to resolve the requested data.

Overall, executing GraphQL in Java involves defining a schema, setting up the necessary data fetchers, and using a GraphQL Java library to handle parsing and executing queries. With these steps in place, you can easily integrate GraphQL APIs into your Java applications.

How to implement subscriptions in GraphQL in Java?

To implement subscriptions in GraphQL in Java, you can utilize libraries such as GraphQL Java Tools or Apollo Java. Here is a general guide on how to implement subscriptions in GraphQL using GraphQL Java Tools:

  1. Create a Subscription class that implements the GraphQL Java Subscription interface. This class will define the subscription operation and its logic.
public class MySubscription implements Subscription {
  public Publisher<ExecutionResult> get(Publisher<ExecutionResult> publisher) {
    // Define the subscription logic here
    return publisher;

  1. Define the subscription operation in your GraphQL schema file. Here is an example of a subscription operation that listens for new messages:
type Subscription {
  newMessage: String

  1. Add the subscription operation to your GraphQL schema builder in your Java application. Here is an example using GraphQL Java Tools:
GraphQLSchema schema = new GraphQLSchema.Builder()
    .dataFetcher("newMessage", new MySubscription()))

  1. Start your GraphQL server and register the MySubscription class as a handler for the newMessage subscription.
GraphQL graphQL = GraphQL.newGraphQL(schema)

  1. Clients can now subscribe to the newMessage subscription in their GraphQL queries to receive updates when a new message is published.

That's it! You have now implemented subscriptions in GraphQL using Java. Remember to handle subscriptions in a thread-safe manner to avoid concurrency issues.

How can I set up a GraphQL server in Java?

To set up a GraphQL server in Java, you can use the following steps:

  1. Add the necessary dependencies to your project. You will need to include the graphql-java library in your pom.xml or build.gradle file.
  2. Define your GraphQL schema using the Schema Definition Language (SDL) in a .graphqls file. This file will contain the types, queries, and mutations that define the capabilities of your GraphQL server.
  3. Implement the resolvers for your schema. Resolvers are Java classes that define the logic for fetching data for each field in your schema. You will need to create classes that implement the DataFetcher interface for each field in your schema.
  4. Create a GraphQL object using the GraphQL.newGraphQL() method, passing in your schema definition and resolvers.
  5. Set up a servlet container (such as Jetty or Tomcat) in your Java application to host the GraphQL server. You can use a framework like graphql-java-servlet to easily set up a GraphQL servlet in your application.
  6. Map your GraphQL servlet to a specific endpoint in your application's web.xml or using annotations in a servlet configuration class.
  7. Start your servlet container and navigate to the URL where your GraphQL server is hosted to start querying your GraphQL API.

By following these steps, you should be able to set up a GraphQL server in Java and start using it to query and manipulate data in your application.

What tools are available for executing GraphQL queries in Java?

  1. GraphQL Java: A GraphQL implementation in Java that allows you to create and execute GraphQL queries. It provides a programmable schema with strong typing and interactive query execution.
  2. Apollo Android: A library for executing GraphQL queries on Android. It allows you to define queries and mutations using GraphQL files and generates corresponding classes for making API requests.
  3. OkHttp: An HTTP client for Java that can be used to make HTTP requests to a GraphQL server. It provides a simple API for sending and receiving data over the network.
  4. Retrofit: A type-safe HTTP client for Java that can be used to make REST and GraphQL API requests. It allows you to define API endpoints and HTTP methods using annotations and generates corresponding Java interface for making API requests.
  5. Spring Boot GraphQL: A GraphQL server implementation for Java that allows you to create a GraphQL schema, define resolvers, and execute queries. It integrates with Spring Boot to provide a robust and scalable backend for GraphQL applications.
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